What is a Genocide?

Genocide was first recognised as a crime under international law in 1946 by the United Nations General Assembly (A/RES/96-I). It was codified as an independent crime in the 1948 Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide (the Genocide Convention). The Convention has been ratified by 149 States (as of January 2018).

 
 

Article II

In the present Convention, genocide means any of the following acts committed with intent to destroy, in whole or in part, a national, ethnical, racial or religious group, as such:

  1. Killing members of the group;

  2. Causing serious bodily or mental harm to members of the group;

  3. Deliberately inflicting on the group conditions of life calculated to bring about its physical destruction in whole or in part;

  4. Imposing measures intended to prevent births within the group;

  5. Forcibly transferring children of the group to another group.

 

A long history of genocides: 

This list is done by alphabetical order and is not exhaustive 
AFRICAN 
AMERICANS

1600s - 1964

(Civil Rights Act) but considered ongoing due to the systemic racism and mass incarceration in the USA. 

Perpetrator: US

ALEVIS 

1400s - ongoing 

Turkey refusing to recognize Alevism and Alevis are still victims of exaction & discrimination

Perpetrators: Ottoman Empire/ Turkey

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ALGERIANS

1830 - 1962

During the French colonial rule, more than 1.5 million Algerians were killed and countless were tortured and abused.

Perpetrator: France 

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ARMENIANS

1915 - 1923

Attempt at annihilation  against the Armenian community living in the Empire 

Perpetrator: Ottoman Empire

INFO

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ASSYRIANS

1915 - ongoing

Part of the Ottoman ethnic cleansing campaign and subjects to violence and exaction ever since. 

Perpetrator: Ottoman Empire, Govs and ISIS

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BAHA'I

1906 - ongoing

Baha'i

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BOSNIAKS

1992 - 1995

Ethnic cleansing campaign to destroy the Muslim population of Bosnia

Perpetrator: Republika Srpska

INFO

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CAMBODIANS

1975 - 1979

Systematic persecutions and killings of civilians who opposed the regime.

Perpetrator: Khmer Rouge regime

INFO

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CONGOLESES

1885 - 1908

The King Leopold II of Belgium used the land for his own use and mutilated, tortured and killed 15 millions people. 

Perpetrator: Belgium

DARFOURIS

2003 - 2009

Sudanese Civil War, millions of Darfouris were forced to flee and thousands were killed 

Perpetrator: Sudanese Government

INFO

EAST 
TIMORESES

1975 - 1999

"Pacification campaigns" during the Indonesian invasion of East Timor 

Perpetrator: Indonesian Government

EZIDIS

2014 - ongoing

After centuries of oppression because of their faith, Ezidis endured a last attempt at annihilation

Perpetrator: ISIS

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JEWISH
PEOPLE

1941 - 1945

After centuries of oppression, Jewish people were methodically killed and erased from Europe. 

Perpetrator: Nazi Germany and allies

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KURDS

1986 - 1989

Constant discrimination and assimilation campaigns by the Saddam Hussein regime

Perpetrator: Iraqi Government

MAYAN
PEOPLES

1978 - 1986

Always subject to discrimination, the Mayan peoples were systematically killed and their villages destroyed

Perpetrator: Guatemala

INFO

NATIVE
AMERICANS

1492 - ongoing

Systematic massacres, tortures and land occupation that continues to this day. 

Perpetrators: USA, Canada, United Kingdom

INFO

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HEREROS
NAMAQUAS

1904 - 1908

After a rebellion against the German colonial rule, Hereros and Namaquas were massacred and put into concentration camps

Perpetrator: Germany

PALESTINIANS

1948 - ongoing

Palestinians have been forced to flee their home as their land is colonized and they are being erase from their land.

Perpetrator: Israël

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RHOYINGAS

2016 - ongoing

Thousands of Rohingya were killed in a will to cleanse the country from this Muslim community.

Perpetrator: Myanmar

INFO

ROMA
PEOPLE

1935 - 1945

The goal was to ethnically cleanse once and for all Europe from Roma people.

Perpetrator: Nazi Germany and allies

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SOUTH 
SOUDANESE

2013 - 2020

Sudanese Civil War where the governmental forces attacked and tortured civilians by thousands. 

Perpetrator: Sudanese Government

INFO

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TAMILS

1983 - 2009

Tamils have been victims of racist pogroms, state violence, killings and military occupation.

Perpetrator: Sri Lanka

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TIBETANS

1950 - ongoing

Tibetans faced assimilation programs from China to erase their identity, and thousands have fled 

Perpetrator: China

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TURKMENS

2014 - ongoing

Turkmen were among the minorities that were victim of ISIS genocidal campaign to cleanse its territory

Perpetrator: ISIS

Capture d’écran 2020-09-02 à 18.42.20.
TUTSIS

1994

The Rwanda Civil War was followed by the brutal killings of a million of Tutsi mass tortures and rapes.

Perpetrator: Hutu Gov.

INFO

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UKRAINIANS

1932-1933

Man-made famine orchestrated by Staline with restriction of movement and confiscation of food. 

Perpetrator: USSR

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ZOROASTRIANS

600s - ongoing

Zoroastrians have been victims of persecutions throughout History due to their religion.

Perpetrators: Caliphates, Iran, Iraq

 

For the 6th commemoration of the Ezidi genocide (the 3rd of August 2020), we were join by several communities who suffered a genocide. 

Together, we demand real actions to the international community!